您当前位置: 首页 > 托福专区 > 托福备考 > 托福听力
  • Dadasim托福听力原文翻译及问题答案

    时间:2023-07-10 15:10:19 来源:www.ivyeducation.cn



    NARRATOR:Listen to part of a lecture in an art history class.MALE PROFESSOR:All right.So last week we started talking about the painters and sculptors who were part of the art movement called Dada.But I don't want you to think the ideas we introduced last time were limited to painting,sculpture,that sort of thing.So today I want to move beyond the visual arts and talk a bit about Dada in the performing arts,in theater.

    But let's start by reviewing what Dada is,OK?As you will recall,Dada began in Switzerland,in the city of Zurich,in 1916.The artists who studied it were reacting against traditional notions of beauty,of reason,of progress,which had been standards of western thought since the 18th century.

    They looked around.And well,I mean,the First World War was raging,so they didn't see much beauty,reason or progress in the world.Instead,they saw a world that was chaotic,random,a world that didn't make sense.And if that's the way the world was,well,they wanted their art to reflect that.So let's—let's review a couple of key ideas that were the backbone of Dada art.

    First,the Dadaists wanted to completely reject the classical idea of art.Classical ideas like proportion,balance,all the things you think about when you think about great art."Great art"involved reason,the logic,the beauty that the Dadaists wanted to overthrow.

    So,well,you know,to a Dadaist,classical artwork was a reflection of outdated thinking!That's why Dadaists created sculptures like the ones we saw last week.Remember the stool with the bicycle wheel mounted on top?I wouldn't exactly called that beautiful,would you?But of course it wasn't meant to be.That was the point!OK.So another key Dada idea we talked about was the embracing of randomness.Right?Uh,if life is random,said the Dadaists,why would we make art that has order and logic?And so we have that collage we looked at,with an artist took different,you know,cut-out squares of colored paper,threw them onto the canvas,and wherever they landed,that was the composition of the work!Another favorite of the Dadaists was something called chance poetry.A chance poet would pull words out of a hat and that would be,well,that would make up the poem!And this idea of chance and randomness was a key element of Dadaism because the whole world seemed so random to them.So now let's take a look at how Dadaist ideas represented to audiences in highly unconventional...well,I am not even sure how to categorize these theatrical events.I suppose you just have to call them shows.These shows started in Zurich in a place called the Cabaret Voltaire.The rejection of classical western art,well,you see this in the nature of what took place at the Cabaret Voltaire.They didn't put on plays or operas there.What they did was throw out all conventions.

    They mixed everything and anything together.They would...it might start with somebody reading a poem.Then somebody else playing an instrument,followed by a display of paintings,followed by somebody else chanting,followed by somebody else banging on a big drum,and someone dressed in a robot costume jumping up and down.So it's not like a play.There's no real plot development here like you'd find in the traditional theatrical performance.The performers at the Cabaret Voltaire would also get the audience involved,which was extremely unusual.Think about a traditional play.The action's self-contained.The actors act as if there is no one watching,right?It's like a world unto itself.Well,at the Cabaret Voltaire,audience members could get up on stage and dance,or chant,or shout and sing from their seats.

    And every night would be different,because there would be a different audience and a different set of acts and displays.So all these could get pretty chaotic.No barriers between the performers and the audience,and no barriers between kinds of art either.Think about it:poetry,paintings,music,dance...all on the same stage and often at the same time!

    This is what the Dadaists had in mind.When they set out to make art that reflected their own idea of reality,it didn't make sense.But why should it?!











    Q1:1.What is the main purpose of the lecture?

    A.To explain the historical conditions that inspired Dada artists

    B.To discuss examples of Dada paintings and sculptures

    C.To describe how Dada was presented theatrically

    D.To show the influence of Dada on today’s performing artists

    Q2:2.Why does the professor mention a stool with a bicycle wheel mounted on top?

    A.To give an example of what Dadaists were reacting against

    B.To show something that Dadaists would consider beautiful

    C.To illustrate how Dadaists rejected the traditional definition of art

    D.To explain the Dadaists'practice of creating sculptures from everyday objects

    Q3:3.According to the professor,why did some Dadaist write poetry by pulling words out of a hat?

    A.To reflect the randomness they saw in the world

    B.To illustrate the connection between poetry performances and magic shows

    C.To indicate that Dada should not be taken too seriously

    D.To demonstrate that Dadaists did not need much formal training

    Q4:4.What does the professor identify as aspects of traditional play?[Click on 2 answers.]

    A.Characters each have their own motivation.

    B.A plot is developed.

    C.The play consists of several acts.

    D.Actors ignore the audience.

    Q5:5.According to the professor,what contributed to the chaotic nature of the performances at the Cabaret Voltaire?[Click on 2 answers.]

    A.There were no professional actors.

    B.The script was torn up and allowed to fall to the floor during the performance.

    C.Different art forms shared the same stage.

    D.The performances varied from night to night.

    Q6:6.Why does the professor say this?

    A.He does not approve of all the aspects of the shows.

    B.He does not think the events can be easily defined.

    C.He does not consider the shows to be authentic Dada.

    D.He does not know enough about the events to categorize them












- 声明 -