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    时间:2023-10-20 10:55:29 来源:www.ivyeducation.cn





    Is It Good for Students to Have Part-time Jobs?


    School Part-timers

    More and more high school students in Beijing are turning their minds to ways of making money.

    They are capitalizing on opportunities such as one group of students who went to the front gate of the Children’s Centre in the East District of Beijing when a film studio was there conducting auditions(1).

    The group sold the young hopefuls(2) application forms at five fen a piece after getting the forms from the center for free.

    Young entrepreneurs are also capitalizing on high demand commodities not always available away from the big shopping centres(3). Birthday or greeting cards are an example. One department store estimated that 80 per cent of its sales of cards are to students for resale.

    Xia Li, a junior high school student at Fengtai District in the southwest region of the capital, spent 40 yuan buying cards from downtown shops just before the last Spring Festival.

    She sold them at her school and schools nearby at prices 15 to 20 per cent higher than what she had paid. In a month, she earned 100 yuan, representing a 250 per cent return on her initial investment.

    A senior high school student who had been selling cards has now become an amateur wholesale dealer(4). His wholesale price is 8 per cent higher than his purchasing price and 10 per cent lower than the retail price(5). Within two months, the had earned several hundred yuan in profits.

    Many students have merged their activities to avoid price wars.(6) For example, in an area with few State-owned shops and far from the city center, student union heads from the schools there have reached an agreement on card prices. The agreement says prices may be higher than at the downtown shops but lower than at the peddlers’ stalls.

    Card-selling is just a beginning. Some students turn their eyes to other more profitable ventures.

    Take one senior high school sophomore who has developed a flourishing business selling photos of famous people. He even has his own name card that reads: The High School Student Corporation Ltd of Exploitation of New Technology(7).

    The student carries a portfolio(8) of the photos around with him in an album to show his young customers. He offers a wide variety of photos, from American movie star Sylvester Stallone in Rambo pose to Taiwan’s famous singer Qi Qin(9).

    "These all depend on my high quality camera," he boasts and explains how he clopped the pictures from magazines, photographed them and then developed the prints into various sizes. He has sold hundreds. Another student is mow an amateur salesman for a company and earns a three per cent commission(10) on each sale.

    When he had earned 300 yuan through his own efforts, he said, "I feel that I have really become an adult."


    I. Listen

    Listen to the text with the help of the following notes.

    1. it is more convenient ...in search of amusement elsewhere: (对四口之家来说)舒服地坐在家里,有着包罗万象的娱乐节目供选择,当然比外出到别的地方寻找娱乐活动更为方便,更合算了。

    2. only to discover... disappointing: 最终发现演出是那样令人失望。此处only 表示出乎意料。

    3. takes no initiative: 没有任何主动性。

    4. The most distant countries...into one’s sitting -room: 最遥远的国度、最奇异的风俗了情被直接送到人们起居室。

    5. flickering pictures: 闪烁为定的图像。

    II. Read

    Read the following passages. Underline the important viewpoints while reading.

    1. Why Watch Television?

    Matthew: Television is undoubtedly a great invention, but one of the main criticisms of it is that people just aren’t selective enough. Lesley, you’ve got a television; how do you pick out the sorts of programmes you want to watch?

    Lesley: I try and look at the programmes that are on to decide which particular ones interest me, rather than you turning it on at seven o’clock and you leaving it on until half-past eleven when the programmes finish.

    Matthew: Do you think of television though as a great time-waster?

    Lesley: I think it can be a time-waster and it depends on how particular people are about what they want to see...Mm, it can just be a sort of total amusement for someone and totally consuming without really considering what it is they’re watching.

    Matthew: Aha, but how do you prevent it coming into your life and taking over your evenings and at the same time perhaps get... get out of the television some of the sort of best things... best programmes that ... that undoubtedly are on television?

    Lesley: Well, I suppose one of the problems is... will depend on what a person’s life style is, and that if he has other outside interests which are equally important to him as television, he will then, you know, mm... be more careful about which programmes he wants to watch because he has time which he wants to use for other things.

    Matthew: Do you think though that ... that in... in a sense television has killed people’s own er...sort of, creativity or their ability to entertain themselves because if they’re bored all they do is just turn on the television?

    Lesley: Yes, I think that is a danger, and I think that... in fact is what is happening to a lot of people who use it as their ... their main ... um field of amusement and ... because they don’t have other outside interests and even when people come round they’ll leave the television on and not be, you know, particularly interested in talking to them, you know the television will be the main thing in the room.

    Matthew: Peter, have you a television?

    Peter: I have, in fact I’ve got two televisions.

    Matthew: Do you watch them a lot?

    Peter: Er...no I ...I watch very seldom er... In fact, I find that I watch television most when I’m working which requires nothing of me, then I watch television a lot. When I’ve got more energy left...um ...in my own private time, then I find I do more different things. I do things like um reading, or going out, or working on anything ...my hobbies.

    Matthew: Do you think though that people can live a perfectly happy life if they haven’t got a television?

    Peter: Oh yes, I think people who don’t have a television or people who don’t watch television can be expected to be more happy. You can assume I think if they never watch television they are happier people than the people who watch a lot of television, because I think that television goes with the kind of life which leaves you with nothing to spare, nothing left, you have to be given potted, passive entertainment.

    Matthew: But in that case you...you seem as though you’re completely against television, is that true?

    Peter: No, it’s not. I ...I have a television in fact, I have two as I said, but er I ... I ... I think there’s a dilemma, a difficult situation. Television in itself is very good; a ... a lot of the information and a lot of the programmes are very instructive, they introduce you to things you may never have though of before or never have hard about before. But in watching, it makes you very passive; you sit for hour after hour and you get very receptive and very unquestioning and it seems to me the important thing in life is to be active, to ... to do things, to think things and to be as creative as possible, and television prevents this.

    III Consider

    Does television play a positive or negative role in the modern word?


    1. Television is now playing a very important part in our lives.



    And you know what makes us truly great? It’s not our economic or military prowess--it’s our values--British values. Fairness. Freedom. Justice. (虽然看似都是简单句,甚至是单词的罗列,但正是因此精悍停顿而劲道十足,请体会音频中卡梅伦演讲至此处时其中所蕴含的力量) The values that say wherever you are, whoever you are, your life has dignity and worth. The values that say we don’t walk on by when people are sick, that we don’t ask for your credit in the hospital, that we don’t turn our backs when you get old and frail(turn one’s back:不予帮助,背弃。口语中完全可以学着去运用,比如描述童年的朋友等人物类话题,不要总说help这个help那个,用上never turn his/her back on me), that we don’t turn a blind eye or a cold heart to people around the world who are desperate and crying out for help(turn a blind eye to—漠然置之,视而不见。同理,口语中学着去替换). That is what Britain means. That is what makes us the greatest country on earth.

    可见这一段中卡梅伦一开始先用简单句甚至单词的罗列表达中心思想—— British value让这个国家伟大,接着用了大量的value同位语从句排比,以及最后两个what引导的表语从句排列再次强调这个country的great。纵观下来,句子长短交替(即使在中间同位语排比内部也存在长短交替),排比起势浩荡,怒刷气场感和节奏感,而细看排比内容中所罗列的一系列事实,如关于生病养老等又恰是最基本的民生举例,可以说直戳受众心坎儿。当然这所有背后的根本意思其实就是卡梅伦晓之以情,动之以理的深情挽留(VOTE NO)。而此处仅仅是小编截取了一小段分析,如果大家有时间听音频看原文会发现类似这段的篇幅后面还有多次,大家不妨自己试着体会分析模仿在托福口语中。




    Note-taking in the Independent Task

    该部分要求考生就某一自己熟悉的话题阐述自己的观点。一类问题是自由回答间题(Free-choice Response),如:If you could have any job in the world, what would it be? Use details to support your. response;另一类是选择类问题(Paired-choice Response),如:Do you like to try new kinds of food or eat the same kind of food all the time? Use details and examples to support your response,准备时间为15秒,回答问题时间为45秒。问题会被朗读出来,且同时出现在屏幕上。考生可以不用理会电脑的朗读,迅速阅读完问题。这样可以争取大概5秒,那么在这大约20秒内,考生可在草稿纸上迅速记下自己所要表达的关键信息。这里记笔记的方法为“TST表格”。TST ( Topic-Supporting ideas--Transitions)意思是考生须在草稿纸上用一到两个词写下欲表达的Topic(主题),Supporting ideas(分论点)和Transitions(信号词)。下面试举一例:


    Where would you want to be professionally in ten years? Use details to support your response.

    考生应迅速在纸上写下“own bus...”、“master”、“work com...”、“start”等信息见以下TST( Topic―Supporting ideas―Transitions )表格。

    Topic statement: own bus... (I would like to own my own business) Supporting ideas: ( How I will work toward owning my business)

    * master (Will get master's in business )

    * work com... (Will work in company while planning my business)

    * start (Will start my own business when I am ready)

    Transitions: 10 next because 3 within 10 y (可用y代替 years)

    Sample Answer

    In ten years I would like to win an import business of my own. Next year, I will be starting a master's program in business with a specialization in entrepreneurship. I will be getting this degree because I hope to start my own business and make it successful some day. After I finish my master's degree three years from now, I will most likely take a position in another company for a few years to make some money and to spend some time planning my own business. Within ten years, I hope to own my own company and be on the way to making it a success.



    Sometimes students have to write papers. Sometimes they have to give oral presentations. Which activity do you think is better for students, and why? Include details and examples in your explanation.






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